Research & Publication Ethics


Authors, editors, and publisher all have ethical obligations with regard to the publication of the results of research. For the policies on research and publication ethics that are not stated in these instructions, please refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Guidelines



1. Authorship

Authorship should be credited based only on substantial contributions to conception and design, or the acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data, and drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, and final approval of the version to be published. All authors are responsible for the accuracy or integrity of any part of the article are appropriately investigated and resolved. After the initial submission of a manuscript, any changes whatsoever in authorship (adding author(s), deleting author(s), or re-arranging the order of authors) must be explained by a letter to the editor from the authors concerned. The content of this letter must be acknowledged and agreed by all authors of the paper.


2. Conflicts of Interest

If there are any conflicts of interest, authors should disclose them in the manuscript. Examples of potential conflicts of interest are financial support from companies, connections to companies, and political pressure from interest groups. In particular, all sources of funding applicable to the study should be explicitly stated.


3. Overlapping Publications

All submitted manuscripts should be original and should not be considered by other scientific journals for publication at the same time. Any part of the accepted manuscript should not be duplicated in any other scientific journal without the permission of the Editorial Board. If duplicate publication related to the papers of this journal is detected, the authors will be announced in the journal, their institutes will be informed, and the authors will be penalized.


4. Plagiarism

Plagiarism is the use of others' published and unpublished ideas or words (or other intellectual property) without attribution or permission, and presenting them as new and original rather than derived from an existing source. Plagiarism is scientific misconduct and should be addressed as such. If some part of the article is published elsewhere in print or online by the authors, it should be stated. The editors should make decisions about a manuscript based only on its importance, originality, clarity, and relevance to the Journal's scope and content. If there are any ethical issues from the manuscripts, it should be first reviewed by Editorial Board and the recommendation should be processed by the supporting Institute. For minor plagiarism in submitted article, the author is required to rework and resubmit. For minor plagiarism in published article, the author is contacted to discuss findings and to issue a correction and apology. For major plagiarism in submitted article, the article is rejected with the findings and the authors are banned from publishing in the journal for 2 years. For major plagiarism in published article, the article is retracted and the authors are banned from publishing in the journal for 5 years.